Funding for this research was provided by:
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (U01AA020795, U24AA020794, U01AA020790)
National Institute on Drug Abuse (K12DA033312)
Received: 21 March 2020
Accepted: 9 July 2020
First Online: 29 July 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: The study was approved by Institutional Review Boards at Yale, VA Connecticut Healthcare System, and each participating VA site. The study was Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) compliant, and a Certificate of Confidentiality was obtained from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. Participants provided written and informed consent prior to randomization.
: Not applicable.
: The authors have no competing interests.