Funding for this research was provided by:
Universitätsklinikum Hamburg-Eppendorf (UKE)
Received: 4 March 2021
Accepted: 30 June 2021
First Online: 7 July 2021
: UK Biobank and Spirometa consortium have approval from local research ethics committees and/or institutional review boards. All participants in these studies provided written informed consent.
: Individual persons data were not reported.
: All authors take responsibility for all aspects of the reliability and freedom from bias of the data presented and their discussed interpretation. No potential conflict of interest was declared by the authors that may potentially influence the writing of the manuscript.