Funding for this research was provided by:
Department for International Development (201446)
Text and Data Mining valid from 2019-04-03
Received: 30 July 2018
Accepted: 18 March 2019
First Online: 3 April 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: Ethical approvals for the FDS and Cohort studies were obtained from the University of KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa) Biomedical Research Ethics Committee (BE400/13; BE258/14; BE372/13), the University of Cape Town (South Africa) Faculty of Health Sciences Human Research Ethics Committee (HREC REF 412/2011), and the World Health Organization (Geneva, Switzerland) Research Ethics Review Committee (RPC497). In relation to participant safety concerns, patients who responded positively to the PHQ-9 suicide ideation question were referred by the fieldworkers to clinic nurses for further assessment and onward referral, if necessary. Written informed consent was obtained from literate participants and illiterate participants consented by marking the form with a cross; with a witness countersigning.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare they have no Competing interest.
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