Funding for this research was provided by:
European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC/2013/015)
Received: 23 November 2018
Accepted: 11 November 2019
First Online: 10 December 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: All examined gonococcal isolates were cultured and preserved as part of the routine diagnostics (standard care), and isolates or data were submitted to the Euro-GASP surveillance study with no patient identification information. Ethical approval was not required; ECDC has a legal basis to collect surveillance data (DECISION No 1082/2013/EU).
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests. However, PHE’s AMRHAI Reference Unit has received financial support for conference attendance, lectures, research projects or contracted evaluations from numerous sources, including: Accelerate Diagnostics, Achaogen Inc., Allecra Therapeutics, Amplex, AstraZeneca UK Ltd., AusDiagnostics, Basilea Pharmaceutica, Becton Dickinson Diagnostics, bioMérieux, Bio-Rad Laboratories, BSAC, Cepheid, Check-Points B.V., Cubist Pharmaceuticals, Department of Health, Enigma Diagnostics, Food Standards Agency, GlaxoSmithKline Services Ltd., Helperby Therapeutics, Henry Stewart Talks, IHMA Ltd., Innovate UK, Kalidex Pharmaceuticals, Melinta Therapeutics, Merck Sharpe & Dohme Corp., Meiji Seika Pharma Co. Ltd., Mobidiag, Momentum Biosciences Ltd., Neem Biotech, Nordic Pharma Ltd., Norgine Pharmaceuticals, Rempex Pharmaceuticals Ltd., Roche, Rokitan Ltd., Smith & Nephew UK Ltd., Shionogi & Co. Ltd., Trius Therapeutics, VenatoRx Pharmaceuticals and Wockhardt Ltd.