Funding for this research was provided by:
Division of Environmental Biology (1856626, 1555905, 1754242)
National Institute of Food and Agriculture (Hatch project 1015782)
Museum für Naturkunde Berlin
Smithsonian Institute for Biodiversity Genomics and Global Genome Initiative
Received: 7 August 2020
Accepted: 31 October 2020
First Online: 23 November 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: Specimens for this study were collected at the following locations, and with respective institutions providing authorizations for the capture, collection and exportation: <b>USA</b>: National Park Service; Maryland Department of Natural Resources; Nature Conservancy; Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation; Agricultural Research Service (ARS) and Animal Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) (US Department of Agriculture), in addition to roadside and backyard collecting sites that do not require permitted collecting. <b>South Africa</b>: IZIKO Museums, Cape Town; Cape Nature (Western Cape Province). <b>Kenya</b>: National Museums of Kenya; Kenya Wildlife Service; ICIPE, Nairobi. <b>Australia</b>: CSIRO, Canberra. <b>Taiwan:</b> Entomological Society of Taiwan, Taichung. <b>Cambodia</b>: Natural Resource Office, Phnom Penh. <b>Madagascar</b>: Ministère de l'Environnement et des Forêts, Madagascar National Parks. <b>Mozambique:</b> Departamento dos Serviços Cientificos, Parque Nacional da Gorongosa, and Museo de História Natural da Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Maputo. <b>Myanmar</b>: Fieldwork (including non-private land access) was conducted under a Memorandum of Understanding between Myanmar’s Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Conservation and Fauna & Flora International (FFI); permitted by Myanmar Forest Department Letter No. 2732. <b>Argentina:</b> CRILAR-CONICET, Anillaco, La Rioja. <b>Chile:</b> Corporación Nacional Forestal, Santiago. Specimens from the following countries were not collected specifically for this project, but received and accessioned at United States National Museum through larger initiatives as listed: <b>Colombia:</b> United States NSF Grant Number: DEB-0205982 and permits therein. <b>Thailand:</b> United States NSF Grant Number: DEB-0542864 and permits therein. <b>China:</b> USDA-ARS Sino-American Biological Control Laboratory (SABCL), Beijing. <b>South Korea:</b> USDA-ARS <b>BIIRU</b> Project Number: 8010–22000-033–01-R. <b>Guatemala</b>: United States NSF Grant Number: DEB-0640015 and permits therein. <b>Ecuador</b>: Smithsonian/Erwin Canopy Fogging Project, permits therein. <b>Mexico:</b> European Social Fund FI-DGR 2019, Generalitat de Catalunya, and permits therein.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.